Eliminate gerrymandering to achieve true representation
Gerrymandering is the corrupt practice used by politicians and political parties to establish safe seats by manipulating the shape of congressional districts. The twisted and contorted shapes of many these districts, like the ones below, are often intended to predetermine the outcome of elections.
Though the power of political interests to shape congressional districts is an obvious problem, far less obvious is that massive districts are required to enable such extensive gerrymandering. And we do have massive districts: The average U.S. congressional district has approximately 760,000 people and that number grows every year (because the size of the House has long been arbitrarily fixed at 435 Representatives). And the larger the district, the more easily it can be gerrymandered.
Making matters worse, these huge districts are inevitably quite heterogeneous, effectively disenfranchising those voters who are not represented by their district’s majority, or perhaps even by its plurality.
In contrast, districts of 30,000 to 50,000 inhabitants (as was proposed by the first Congress) would be nearly impossible to gerrymander to any significant extent, especially since it wouldn’t be possible to extend district boundaries across great distances to include certain voting blocks while excluding others. In addition, small districts are inherently more compact and would therefore allow many more communities with shared interests and values to have their own voice in the House.